Welcome to the University of Toronto Urogynecology/FPMRS website.

With an aging population, many women will be living longer and healthier lives. As women age, they often develop problems with weakness of the pelvic floor leading to problems controlling urination and with prolapse of the pelvic structures.

Urogynecology – also known as female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) – is a subspecialty area within Obstetrics & Gynecology that deals with bladder problems and pelvic floor disorders in women. This is a common problem which is treated by a number of specialists but is principally treated by gynecologists. While often simple measures may help women with these issues, some women will need referral to centres specializing in care for those with more complex cases.

Our Urogynecology program at the University of Toronto serves as a centre of excellence for the care of women with bladder problems and pelvic floor disorders. We offer a full range of services including conservative management, medications and surgery with minimally invasive techniques if necessary.

We have the largest program in Canada to manage these complex conditions and have 8 full-time core urogynecologists among the 3 core teaching hospitals: Mount Sinai Hospital, St. Michael’s Hospital, and Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre.

Our patients come from all over Ontario for the specialized care that is provided at the University of Toronto for urogynecological problems such as: urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, voiding dysfunction, bladder pain syndromes, defecatory dysfunction and overactive bladder syndrome.

We have multidisciplinary services which include: specialists in urogynecology, urology, neurology, neuro-gynecology, pelvic pain, gastroenterology, colorectal surgery, physiotherapy and nurse specialists.

Our Program has an interest in research associated with basic science, clinical practice, surgical education and quality improvement. We have outreach programs that involve preceptorships in the community and patient/ public education and advocacy.


Patricia Lee, MD,CM, LLM, FRCS(C), FACOG (FPMRS)